Category Archives: évènement

Le retour de Malvieu

La campagne de fouilles de l’habitat fortifié de Malvieu (Saint-Pons-de-Thomières, Hérault) ont repris ce lundi 14 juin avec une équipe de 10 fouilleurs et sous la responsabilité d’Alexis Gorgues.

Situé dans la Montagne Noire, ce site d’habitat est installé sur le versant sud d’une colline calcaire dont il occupe le tiers sommital. En plus de défenses naturelles certaines, il est protégé sur trois de ses côtés par une muraille en pierre sèche. Le site est occupé depuis l’âge du Bronze Final 2/3b (v. 1150-800 av. J.-C.) et il semble abandonné aux alentours de la fin du VIe s. av. J.-C.

Le site de Malvieu est singulier en Languedoc car il représente l’un des rares exemples bien documentés d’une occupation continue s’étirant du Bronze Final jusqu’à la fin du Fer Ancien. Son emplacement original, sur un versant abrupt (aux pentes comprises entre 25 et 40%), ainsi que son état actuel (celui d’un maquis de chênes verts et de buis) illustre la nécessité pour les archéologues d’investir de nouveaux terrains d’étude afin de mieux comprendre les dynamiques de peuplement du Languedoc occidental.

La campagne de fouilles de 2021 se concentre sur deux zones récemment ouvertes et qui devraient documenter les phases les plus anciennes de l’occupation du site ainsi que de procédés d’occupation de l’espace interne et autres usages architecturaux.

Pour aller plus loin:

Gorgues A., 2021, La morphogénèse de l’habitat fortifié de l’âge du Fer en Languedoc occidental méditerranéen : nouvelles propositions. In: Espaces fortifiés à l’âge du Fer en Europe. Actes du 43e colloque international de l’AFEAF. (Le Puy-en-Velay, 30 mai-1er juin 2019), p. 297-316.

Gorgues A., 2009, De l’âge du Bronze à l’âge du Fer en Languedoc occidental : le cas du site de hauteur fortifié de Malvieu (Saint-Pons-de-Thomières, Hérault), In: De l’âge du Bronze à l’âge du Fer en France et en Europe occidentale (X e- VIIe siècle av. J.-C.). La moyenne vallée du Rhône aux âges du Fer. Actes du 30e colloque international de l’AFEAF, co-organisé avec l’APRAB. (Saint-Romain-en-Gal, 26 – 28 mai 2006), p. 513-525.

Thibaud POIGT

Revamping value(s)

5-8 September 2018

Revamping value(s)

On the destruction of value during the Bronze and Iron Age in Europe and the Mediterranean

Session #687 of the 24th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists

Organizers : Alexis Gorgues, Lene Melheim (Museum of Cultural History, Oslo) and Thibaud Poigt

Abstract

The Maastricht 2017 session “The Value of all Things” approached the many facets of value assessment in the Ancient World. At the EAA in Barcelona 2018, we would like to take this discussion a step further, and investigate the whys and hows of value destruction.
Indeed, one of the most noticeable archaeological phenomena in European and Mediterranean late prehistoric societies is the deliberate withdrawal of values from circulation: hoards that were never retrieved, depositions in wetlands, grave goods – sometimes ritually mutilated – and offerings made in sanctuaries. In other words, value – at least in its material form – was destroyed or alienated, as these artefacts could no longer be used, possessed, given away, exchanged or displayed.
Such behaviour can be explained in the context of power: performative artefact destruction, for instance, may be intended to emphasize the wealth and power of an individual; or a ritual offering may be aimed at obtaining the goodwill of the gods. We would like, however, in this session to consider an alternative approach, that artefact withdrawal, more than being a destruction of value, was a way of converting value: The conversion of a material value that could be measured, evaluated and negotiated, into a symbolic and incommensurable value.
We would like to invite papers based on specific case studies (whether at a local, regional or inter-regional scale) as well as more theoretical contributions, in order to encourage a comparative approach to the many seemingly contradictive aspects of the curation of valuables.

The Value of All Things

30 August – 3 September 2017

The Value of All Things.

Value expression and value assessment in the Ancient World (Europe, Near East and the Mediterranean)

Session #314 of the 23rd Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists

Organizers : Alexis Gorgues, Lene Melheim (Museum of Cultural History, Oslo) and Thibaud Poigt

Abstract

The idea that things have a value is probably almost universal. In contrast, as a social construction, value assessment may be very different from one place to another. Roughly, we can consider that the social “construction” of value can follow three different paths.
Firstly, value can be measured and expressed according to one or more standard units. Such behaviors are nowadays intensely investigated, mainly through the study of the various forms of money of through the materiality of measurement
Secondly, value may be related with the symbolic relevance of things: prestige transmitted through successive owners, provenience, uses… This dimension of value is mainly explored through the study of objects biography.
Thirdly, value may be linked with the labor related to the making of the object, with its quality. This labor value is indeed poorly investigated, but can be approached through technique studies, still fashionable nowadays.
Value is often assessed by taking more than one of these criteria into consideration, and actual scenarios are indeed numerous and complex. We would like to invite, in this session, contributions interested in dealing with the many faces of value and with value assessment practices in a long-term perspective, in Europe, Near East and Mediterranean, from Bronze to Iron Age, including the Classical world. Contributors may present papers or posters discussing one of the three aspects mentioned before, or cross-analysis taking into account different factors.